Groningen Journal of International Law

International Law Under Construction

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Statement: Support for Black Lives Matter

The members of GroJIL would like to extend their support to #BlackLivesMatter, a movement that is ultimately one for basic human rights. We would like to share some different ways to help and support the movement with our audience as we believe this should be a collective effort involving people from all over the world, no matter their race, gender, sexuality or otherwise, that want to fight against racism and for equality and justice. Find the variety of ways to help below.  Continue reading

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The not so Universal Notion of Impunity in the UN Principles to Combat Impunity and in the Transitional Justice Model

Andrea Trigoso


The UN principles to Combat Impunity established a universal model to fight against impunity in Transitional Justice societies. The question that this model rises is whether it is possible to have a universal notion of impunity and, therefore, a universal model to combat it. Continue reading

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International Migration and Refugee Law in Times of Health Crisis: When Movement is Restricted and Social Distancing is Impossible

Jasmin Lilian Diab, ABD


While the core motivation for migration is typically ‘the pursuit of a better life,’ migrant populations often experience weighty, systemic challenges to their physical, mental, and social well-being. They often face unversed social, political and cultural norms, language barriers, poor living standards, exploitative working conditions, as well as restricted access to health care services. Subsequently, migrants are specifically the type of group that international human rights frameworks are designed to protect. International human rights recognize the enjoyment of the highest achievable standard of health as a fundamental human right of every individual, irrespective of race, gender, religion, political affiliations, economic or social condition, and legal status. And the right to the highest possible standard of health carries both national and international obligations. It places duties upon States in relation to individuals within their borders. Continue reading

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Update: GroJIL COVID-19 Announcement

Due to the decisions made by the Dutch government in regards to the Coronavirus (COVID-19) Crisis, GroJIL’s announcements and planned events will be postponed until further notice. Furthermore, the editorial process will be taking longer than usual due to the preventative measures taken. However, we will still be accepting article submissions and the team will be working from home, making it still possible for you to contact us for any questions or concerns.
For now please stay tuned regarding our future updates and news regarding events publications! And please make sure to stay safe and take the preventative measures as recommended by the Dutch government.


Evaluating the Citizenship Amendment Act, 2019 in India: Perspectives from International Refugee Law

Atul Alexander


On 11thDecember 2019, the Indian parliament passed the controversial Citizen Amendment Act, 2019 (CAA). The amendment seems to cherry-pick on specific religious groups while omitting others by labelling them as ‘illegal migrant’ courtesy Section 2(1)(b) of the said act, unless and otherwise Continue reading

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A Few Reflections on the Assassination of General Soleimani

Parimal Kashyap


The growing tension between the United States and Iran took a sharp turn when the United States launched drone strikes at Baghdad international airport resulting in the death of Qasem Soleimani, the Commander of Iran’s Quds Force and Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis, the commander of Kataib Hezbollah . Soleimani was massively influential in the Middle East and was generally considered as the second most powerful man in Iran. Continue reading

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The Gambia, Myanmar and the International Court of Justice – A Path to Justice?

Ryan Bocock


It has been over two years since the UN Human Rights Council urgently dispatched an Independent International Fact-Finding Mission (“FFM”) to report on the ongoing persecution of Rohingya Muslims, as part of “clearance operations” carried out by Myanmar’s security forces, with “genocidal intent”. While the UN Security Council (“UNSC”) remains silent on the more than 700,000 Rohingya refugees who have fled into neighbouring Bangladesh, The Gambia has filed an application at the International Court of Justice (“ICJ”). The Gambia allege Myanmar is violating the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (“Genocide Convention”), to which it signed in 1957. There is a growing push amongst the international community to hold Myanmar’s military leaders to account. Why is this being led by the smallest country in continental mainland Africa? How can the ICJ help Myanmar? And why might the connection between The Gambia and Myanmar be a key factor in determining the ICJ’s jurisdiction? Continue reading

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The Legal Framework for the activities of the Ocean Cleanup: the freedom to use the high seas to protect and preserve the marine environment

Talitha Ramphal

1.         Introduction

Plastic marine litter is growing, negatively affecting ecosystems, biodiversity and human health globally, and luckily awareness of this issue has grown as well on the international stage. For example, the EU adopted the Single Use Plastic Directive, which states in its preamble that the ‘Union must play its part in preventing and tackling marine litter and aim to be a standard setter for the world’. With this Directive, the EU aims to achieve an ambitious and sustained reduction of single-use plastic products within its Member States. The private sector also pursues another way to tackle this issue, e.g., the  Ocean Cleanup, which is a foundation registered in the Netherlands that develops technologies to clean up ocean plastic pollution.

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