Groningen Journal of International Law

International Law Under Construction

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Future of Armenia and Azerbaijan Disputes in the International Court of Justice: Parallel Proceedings or Joinder

Katayoun Formica Hosseinnejad


Between 14-15 October 2021, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) held its public hearings on the request for the indication of provisional measures submitted by Armenia in the case concerning Application of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (CERD) (Armenia v. Azerbaijan). The week after, the Court held its public hearings on the request of Azerbaijan for indication of provisional measures but not in the same case, rather in a separate proceeding that Azerbaijan initiated against Armenia seven days after the filing of the first. As evident from their titles, both cases concern the alleged violation of CERD by the other State, particularly during the 2020 armed conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh. While the Court is still in deliberations for indication of provisional measures requested by the two States, this post aims to discuss a more general question about the future of these two proceedings. More specifically, it seeks to examine whether there will be any possibility of joinder of these two cases in light of the ICJ jurisprudence.

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