Groningen Journal of International Law

International Law Under Construction


The Situation in Tigray and the Duty to Investigate Serious Violations in the Context of Armed Conflicts under International Law

Fikire Tinsae Birhane


It has been noted by various commentators, including myself, that there has been a non-international armed conflict (NIAC) between the Federal Government of Ethiopia and the dissident forces of the former ruling party of the Tigray region of Ethiopia, the Tigray People Liberation Front (TPLF) since around the late hours of 3 November 2020 (see here, here, here, and here). In addition to the two opposing parties to the conflict, Eritrean forces have also been taking part in the conflict on the side of the Federal Government. Such involvement of a foreign state does not change the non-international character of the conflict.

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